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1,000 km strike range sub-sonic cruise missile Nirbhay successfully test-fired

India on Monday successfully test-fired 1,000 km strike range sub-sonic cruise missile ‘Nirbhay’ off the coast of Odisha. Developed by Bengaluru-based Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), a lab under Defence Research and Development Organisation, Nirbhay is a long range, all-weather missile that can be launched from multiple platforms. This sub-sonic cruise missile is capable of carrying conventional and nuclear warheads.

Powered by a solid rocket booster for take off, once Nirbhay reaches the required velocity and height, its further propulsion is managed by a Turbofan engine. An inertial navigation system developed by Research Center Imarat (RCI) gudies this missile, while a radio altimeter is used for height determination.

Nirbhay is equipped with a Ring Laser Gyroscope (RLG) based guidance, control and navigation system. It also comes with a MEMS based Inertial Navigation System (INS) and the GPS system. Measuring 6 metres, the width of Nirbhay missile is 0.52 metres and it has a wing span of 2.7 metres. The weight of this missile is about 1500kg. Experts maintain that Nirbhaya can deliver 24 different types of warheads depending on mission requirements.